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油彩銘畫 生命精彩Life’s Wonderfulness Captured in Painting
浏览次数:200次 更新时间:2021-02-28

 每個人的一生中,都應該有一幅自己的油畫肖像,用油彩銘畫下生命中精彩的瞬間

      肖像畫,或者廣義地說作為一幅圖畫主要部分的全身像、半身像乃至頭像, 在中國成就斐然,足以與西方傳統肖像畫相媲美。肖像畫追求形神兼備,重視對傳達人物神情的五官刻畫。中國東晉畫家顧愷之曾說:“傳神寫照,正在阿堵中。”西班牙畫家D.委拉斯貴支所作肖像,通過人物冷峻的眼神,成功地表現了人物的個性。

      肖像畫家要以敏銳的觀察力抓住人物一瞬間的表情,並以高超的表現手段精確刻劃出人物的內心風景、靈魂優美、人性深度和性格特徵。那位義大利少婦焦孔多夫人(蒙那裏莎的原型),並非無可挑剔的絕世美女,然而達芬奇的《蒙那裏莎》的微笑是完美的;

      那位奸猾狡詐的教皇英偌森十世是十足的醜陋,然而委拉絲凱茲的傑作《教皇英偌森十世》的畫藝是完美的——肖像畫創作不是簡單地再現人物外型,還需要透過人物的外貌形象特徵,體現出人物的精神世界。

      在這類藝術的探索中,有的強調表現對象的個性,有的以突出審美觀念來表達作者的情趣。無論形式內容方面,都表現各自對生活的看法。通過各種人物的造型、動作、表情特徵、服裝打扮以及其所體現出的思想情緒,賦予人物以明顯的特點與典型的個性,顯示畫家本身的審美趣味和理想。只有貴族或者身份顯赫的人才有資格被繪進畫布千古流傳,肖像畫不僅是一種藝術形式,更是昭顯權力的象徵。

      翻看歐洲美術史,你一定不難發現,幾乎所有繪畫藝術大師都是傑出的肖像畫家。一幅好的油畫肖像,可以透過作品本身,傳遞出畫中人甚至是畫家本人的情感和精神世界。起源於歐洲古羅馬時代的油畫肖像藝術,從最初對神的描繪,發展為皇室成員享受的特權,在當時,只有統治階層和貴族階層,才有資格請畫家來為他們創作油畫肖像。

      在遊歷人類藝術發展的長河中,油畫肖像藝術有著悠久的歷史和非比尋常的生命力,人類的祖先懷著對神的敬仰和崇拜創造了肖像畫藝術,直至今日它仍擔負著初創時的使命。而隨著人類社會的發展,這門不朽的藝術形式慢慢地從神壇走進了人們的生活,一直為神權、王權所獨有的肖像畫藝術,對人們自身的影響遠遠大於其他藝術門類,對於畫家的影響更是巨大,世界上著名的畫家幾乎都是肖像畫大師,也幾乎百分百從事肖像藝術創作。

      隨著肖像藝術逐漸走進人們的生活,它已不僅僅是一幅畫那麼簡單,而是成為了人們精神層面的一種象徵,它能代代相傳,它能承載使命,承載家族榮譽,傳承家族精神血脈,延續家族的興盛,成為家族文化的載體,成為個體文化的品格——能夠擔當如此眾多使命的藝術,就是即將進入我們生活的、既熟悉又陌生的肖像畫藝術。譬如英國女王自己有一個肖像畫博物館,一生每隔一段時間就畫一張肖像畫,這成了例行公事。這種怪癖在貴族之間流行。新貴們西方各國的總統首相,明星、商賈自然也不例外,所以肖像畫是一個人財富上寬裕以後,買到的一筆很重要的精神財富。

      照片每個人都有,可是你有自己的畫像嗎?


西班牙畫家 委拉斯貴支 作品

 

達芬奇《蒙娜麗莎》

 


委拉絲凱茲的傑作《教皇英偌森十世》



Everyone should have an oil portrait in ones lifetime to record the beautiful moments in life.

 

Portraits include full-length portrait, half-length portrait, and head portrait. Chinese portrait had accomplished extraordinary things, and enough to compare with traditional western portrait. Portrait requires the union of form and spirit, and the face, as the medium of peoples expression, is the most important part. Just like Gu Kaizhi, a painter in the Eastern Jin Dynasty, once said, the eyes are the most important when you try to paint somebodys outlook and spirit.” Spanish painter Diego Velázquez created peoples characteristic successfully through their cold and sharp eyes.

 

Portrait painter must have a sharp observation to catch the subjects instant expression and use supreme painting technique to precisely draw the subjects inner scene, delicate soul, humanity depth, and characteristic trait. Lisa Del Giocondo (the subject of Mona Lisa) was not a flawless beauty, but the smile of Leonardo da Vincis Mona Lisa is perfect.

 

The cunning Pope Innocent X was ugly, but Diego Velázquezs masterpiece Pope Innocent X is perfect. Painting a portrait is not only about to recreate the appearance of the subject, but one also needs to see through the subjects appearance and express his spiritual world.

 

While exploring this kind of art, some emphasize showing the subjects features, while some choose to use a prominent aesthetic view to express the painters temperamentthe expression and content in a portrait show the painter and subjects perspective on life. Painters give characters apparent specialty or typical characteristics through their style, gesture, express ions traits, clothes, ideas, and feelings they express,o which will also show the painters aesthetic temperament and idea. Only royalties and nobility people could be painted on canvass and last forever, so portrait was an art form and a symbol of power.

 

Going over European art history, it is easy to see that almost all the painting masters are great at drawing portraits. One good oil portrait will show the subject and even the painters emotion and spiritual world through itself. Oil portrait originated from Europe in the Ancient Roman era. First, it only paints god, and later on, it became the privilege of royal members. At that time, only the ruling class and nobility were allowed to hire painters to paint oil portraits.

 

Oil portrait has a profound history and superior life force in the development of human art. The ancestors of humankind created oil portrait due to their worship and admiration towards gods, and even now, it still carries the purpose it was destined. With human societys development, this immortal art form has descended from the pedestal and become a part of humans life. Oil portrait, which had served divine authority and royals, influenced humans more than any other art genre and even significantly influenced painters. Almost all the world-famous painters paint portraits, and almost a hundred percent are dedicated to creating portraits.

 

With portrait art entering peoples daily lives, it has become more than a painting, but the symbol of peoples spiritual world. Portrait, a familiar yet alien art form, can carry multiple missions such as be passed on generations by generations; it can also carry a destiny, family honor, family spiritual inheritance; extend family prosperity and become the carrier of family culture unique art. The queen of British has her own portrait museum, and throughout her life, she asked a painter to draw a portrait of herself every now and then, and it had become a routine. This special hobby had become popular among nobilities, new nobilities, prim ministers, presidents, stars, people in business from all around the western world could not be excepted. So portrait is a well-spent spiritual treasure that one should pay for once they become rich.

 

 人物照片(導演:田壯壯)


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